Warning: Undefined variable $yearslist in /var/www/vhosts/eief.it/httpdocs/eief/components/com_jevents/libraries/jeventshtml.php on line 149

Warning: foreach() argument must be of type array|object, null given in /var/www/vhosts/eief.it/httpdocs/eief/libraries/cms/html/select.php on line 592

Download as iCal file
Johannes Spinnewijn - London School of Economics
Thursday 16 May 2024, 02:30pm - 04:00pm

The Chronic Disease Index: Analyzing Health Inequalities Over the Lifecycle


We study chronic illness to analyze the evolution of health inequalities over the life-cycle. Using rich administrative data in the Netherlands, we find that measurable chronic conditions explain about 30-40% of the mortality gap between income groups at old age, but the gap in chronic illness already opens up in early adulthood. By age 35, the bottom 50% have exceeded the chronic illness burden of 50-year olds in the top 50%. Leveraging our panel data, we show that low-income individuals develop chronic illness at a faster rate and that chronically-ill individuals sort into lower income groups. Aggregated over the life-cycle, the ageing channel is about 50% more important than the sorting channel. Our analysis demonstrates the value of health interventions that target the incidence of chronic conditions for low-income groups already earlier in life, before affecting mortality later in life. Our analysis of mediating factors indicates the importance of location relative to health behaviors, especially at younger ages.

© EIEF Copyright 2023